Ideas for writing your African
American/Native American essay...
Black Elk Oglala Sioux Holy
You have noticed that
everything as Indian does is in a circle, and that is because the Power of the
World always works in circles, and everything tries to be round..... The Sky is
round, and I have heard that the earth is round like a ball, and so are all the
stars. The wind, in its greatest power, whirls. Birds make their nest in
circles, for theirs is the same religion as ours....
Even the seasons form a great circle in their changing, and
always come back again to where they were. The life of a man is a circle from
childhood to childhood, and so it is in everything where power moves.
Lone Man (Isna-la-wica)
... I have seen
that in any great undertaking it is not enough for a man to depend simply upon
"Where today are the Pequot?
Where are the Narragansett, the Mohican, the Pokanoket, and many other once
powerful tribes of our people? They have vanished before the avarice and the
oppression of the White Man, as snow before a summer sun.
"Will we let ourselves be destroyed in our turn without a
struggle, give up our homes, our country bequeathed to us by the Great Spirit,
the graves of our dead and everything that is dear and sacred to us? I know you
will cry with me, 'Never! Never!'"
From Black Hawk,
"How smooth must
be the language of the whites, when they can make right look like wrong, and
wrong like right."
Joseph, Nez Perces
"If the white man
wants to live in peace with the Indian, he can live in peace.....Treat all men
alike. Give them all the same law. Give them all an even chance to live and
grow. All men were made by the same Great Spirit Chief. They are all brothers.
The Earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights
upon it.......Let me be a free man, free to travel, free to stop, free to work,
free to trade....where I choose my own teachers, free to follow the religion of
my fathers, free to think and talk and act for myself, and I will obey every
law, or submit to the penalty."
How can you account for the fact that white Americans
worked to integrate Native Americans into white culture while they were
intentionally segregating African Americans?
During the 19th and early 20th Centuries, why did white
Americans or the U.S. government have such difficulty answering the "Indian
Is progress for Native Americans possible without a
complete loss of culture? Is cultural erosion a necessary component of
Gospel of Wealth
White Man's Burden
Types and Development of Man, 1904 World's Fair