Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in the Alameda
Diego Rivera
Hotel del Prado, 1947

See below for annotated chronological segments.


Chronological Segments Annotated:

Panel 1: Spanish Conquest

1. Hernan Cortez, Spanish conqueror of the Mexican territory

2. Fray Juan de Zumarraga, first Catholic archbishop of Mexico, who established the Catholic inquisition in Mexico and ordered in 1539 the first burning of a so-called heretic, the grandson of Nezahualcoyotl.

3. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, general and politician, President of Mexico eleven times between 1833 and 1855. Ceded Texas to the U.S. in 1847; Mexico lost 51% of its territory after American invasion.

4. Winfield Scott, American general and head of the troops that occupied Mexico City, camping at the Alameda from 1846 to 1848.






Panel 2: Rivera's Contemporaries

5. Jose Marti, father of Cuba's independence. He lived in Mexico from 1875 to 1876. An outstanding modernistic poet, Marti was part of the mainstream cultural and literary life of Mexico. He returned to Mexico in 1894 seeking support for Cuba's struggle against Spain and died in battle in Cuba in May 1895.

6. Diego Rivera as a child. He is hand in hand with a typical Mexican image of a skull the "Calavera Catrina."

7. Frida Kahlo, Rivera's third wife, an outstanding painter influenced by surrealism and Mexican folk art.

8. La Calavera Catrina, a Mexican representation of death created by Jose Guadalupe Posada. Her feather boa symbolizes Quetzalcoatl, God of Prehispanic cultures.

9. Jose Guadalupe Posada, Mexico's foremost pre-revolutionary engraver. Rivera used both his style and his choice of folk subjects (festivities, everyday events) as inspiration and model.

10. Porfirio Diaz, dictator of Mexico, who ruled for more than thirty years until overthrown by the Revolution in 1911.




Panel 3: Workers Struggle; the Future

11. Poor family being expelled by brute force. They dream of themselves as fighters and revolutionaries and their son dreams himself shooting at the oppressor.

12. Juan Sanchez Azcona, revolutionary writer and journalist under Madero to whom Azcona was private secretary. He created the newspapers Mexico Nuevo and Nueva Era.

13. Revolutionary worker, who is speaking to the people about the Revolution advocated by Flores Magon.

14. President of the Republic, a symbol of corrupt presidents, handling an enormous amount of money and fondling a blonde woman with consent of an archbishop.