scholarly from non-scholarly periodicals (articles and papers)
Scholarly journals generally have a
sober, serious look. They often contain many graphs and charts
but few glossy pages or exciting pictures.
Scholarly journals always cite their
sources in the form of footnotes or bibliographies.
Articles are written by a scholar or
someone who has done research in the field.
The language of scholarly journals is
that of the discipline covered. It assumes some scholarly
background on the part of the reader.
The main purpose of a scholarly journal
is to report on original research or experimentation to make the
information available to the rest of the scholarly world.
Examples of scholarly journals: American
Economic Review, Archives of Sexual Behavior, JAMA: The Journal
of the American Medical Association, Modern Fiction Studies
Substantive News or General Interest:
These periodicals may be quite
attractive in appearance. Some are in newspaper format. Articles
are often heavily illustrated and generally contain photographs.
News and general interest periodicals
sometimes cite sources, a scholar, or a freelance writer.
The language of these publications is
geared to any educated audience. There is no special training
assumed, only interest and a certain level of intelligence.
They are generally published by
commercial enterprises or individuals, although some come from
The main purpose of periodicals in this
category is to provide general information to a broad audience
of concerned citizens.
Examples of substantive news or
general-interest periodicals: The Economist, National
Geographic, The New York Times, Scientific American
Popular periodicals come in many
formats, although they are often somewhat slick and attractive
in appearance and have many graphics.
These publications rarely, if ever, cite
sources. Information published in such journals is often second-
or third-hand, and the original source is sometimes obscured.
Articles are usually very short, written
in simple language, and designed to meet a minimal education
level. There is generally little depth to the content of these
Articles are written by staff members or
The main purpose of popular periodicals
is to entertain the reader, sell products (their own or their
advertisers'), and/or promote a viewpoint.
Examples of popular periodicals: Ebony,
Parents, People, Reader's Digest, Sports Illustrated, Time,
Sensational periodicals come in a variety
of styles but often use a newspaper format.
The language is elementary and
occasionally inflammatory or sensational. They assume a certain
gullibility in their audience.
The main purpose of sensational
magazines seems to be to arouse curiosity and cater to popular
superstitions. They often do so with flashy headlines designed
to astonish (e.g., "Half-man Half-woman Makes Self Pregnant").
Examples of sensational periodicals: The
Globe, The National Enquirer, The Star, Weekly World News